Monday, June 17, 2024

Overcoming Urinary Incontinence: Primary Physiotherapy Techniques to Improve Bladder Control


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Pelvic floor physiotherapy focuses on assessing, treating, and rehabilitating conditions related to the pelvic floor muscles. These muscles provide support to the pelvic organs, including the bladder, uterus, and rectum, and play a vast role in various physical functions like bladder and bowel control, sexual function, and stability of the pelvis and spine. Pelvic floor physiotherapy in Sherwood Park aims to optimize pelvic health, improve quality of life, and motivate individuals to actively participate in their own well-being.

Physiotherapy Techniques for Urinary Incontinence:

Primary pelvic floor physiotherapy techniques to improve bladder control in overcoming urinary incontinence include:


Biofeedback techniques provide real-time feedback on pelvic floor muscle activity, helping individuals learn to contract and relax these muscles more effectively. This can be achieved using specialized devices or sensors that measure muscle activity.

Electromyography (EMG) Biofeedback:

This technique involves using electrodes positioned on the skin near the pelvic floor muscles to measure muscle activity. The signals are then displayed on a screen or provided as auditory feedback, allowing individuals to visualize or hear their muscle contractions in real time. By observing these signals, individuals can learn to better control and coordinate their pelvic floor muscles, improving bladder control.

Pelvic Floor Muscle Training:

This involves targeted exercises to fortify the muscles of the pelvic floor, which support the bladder and help control urination. Kegel exercises, comprising the contraction and relaxation of the pelvic floor muscles, are commonly prescribed.

Kegel Exercises:

These exercises entail both contracting and relaxing the pelvic floor muscles. They can be performed in various positions, like sitting, standing, or lying down. The goal is to strengthen the muscles that support the bladder and improve control over urination.

Quick Flicks:

This exercise involves quickly contracting and relaxing the pelvic floor muscles in rapid succession. It helps improve the speed and coordination of muscle contractions, which can be beneficial for managing urinary urgency and leakage.

Bladder Training:

Bladder training entails gradually increasing the interval between urinations to improve bladder capacity and control. This technique helps individuals regain control over their bladder function and reduce urinary urgency and frequency.

Scheduled Voiding:

Individuals are instructed to schedule regular, timed voids at predetermined intervals throughout the day, gradually increasing the time between voids. This aids in conditioning the bladder to retain urine for extended durations and reduces the frequency of urinary urgency and leakage.

Delayed Voiding:

Individuals are encouraged to delay voiding when they experience the urge to urinate, using relaxation techniques or distraction strategies to suppress the urge until the scheduled voiding time. Delayed voiding helps desensitize the bladder and improve control over urinary urgency and frequency.

Manual Therapy:

These manual therapy techniques are often integrated into comprehensive treatment plans formulated to address the underlying factors contributing to urinary incontinence and optimize pelvic floor function.

Myofascial Release:

Myofascial release techniques aim to release tension and adhesions within the fascia, a network of connective tissue encasing and providing support to the muscles. By applying sustained pressure to areas of restriction, myofascial release can help alleviate pelvic floor muscle tightness and dysfunction.

Trigger Point Therapy:

Trigger points, referring to localized regions of muscle tightness and tenderness, can contribute to pelvic floor muscle dysfunction and urinary incontinence. Manual pressure applied to trigger points, combined with stretching and relaxation techniques, can help release muscle tension and improve bladder control.

Visceral Manipulation:

Visceral manipulation involves gentle manipulation of the internal organs, like the bladder, uterus, and intestines, to improve their mobility and function. By addressing any restrictions or adhesions within the pelvic organs, visceral manipulation can help alleviate symptoms of urinary incontinence and promote bladder health.

Lifestyle Modifications:

Lifestyle modifications such as sustaining a healthy weight, abstaining from bladder irritants (such as caffeine and alcohol), and practicing good toileting habits can also help enhance bladder control and reduce episodes of urinary incontinence.

Fluid Management:

Regulating fluid intake and avoiding excessive consumption of fluids, particularly in the evening, can help minimize the frequency of urinary urgency and leakage. Individuals may benefit from spacing out fluid intake throughout the day and limiting fluids before bedtime to minimize nighttime voiding.

Shattering Taboos:

Urinary incontinence affects people of all genders, and seeking help from a pelvic floor physiotherapist is nothing to feel ashamed about. Both male and female pelvic health physiotherapy addresses urinary incontinence effectively.
Male pelvic floor physiotherapy targets urinary leakage, pelvic discomfort, and sexual dysfunction unique to men, while female pelvic floor physiotherapy addresses pelvic organ prolapse, incontinence, pelvic pain, and sexual wellness in women.
By tailoring treatments to gender-specific needs, pelvic floor physiotherapy in Sherwood Park offers specialized care that aims to improve bladder control, alleviate pain, and enhance sexual function, ensuring individuals of all genders receive comprehensive support for their pelvic health concerns.

Transforming Lives:

Pelvic floor physiotherapy in Sherwood Park offers a comprehensive and personalized approach to addressing pelvic floor dysfunction, empowering individuals to improve their pelvic health and overall quality of life. By promoting awareness, providing support, and fostering positive lifestyle changes, Emerald Hills Physiotherapy in Sherwood Park enables individuals to achieve long-term relief, optimize pelvic function, and enjoy improved well-being. With dedicated support from skilled physiotherapists, individuals can initiate a path toward improved pelvic health and enhanced quality of life.

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